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- AIRAC Monitoring Report 1207 (June 28, 2012 - July 4, 2012)
11/19/2012 19:22
On November 18, a working meeting of the members of the Council of International Experts established at the Institute was held in Moscow, where the participants discussed the AIRA 1207 report, prepared as part of the program for monitoring marine activities in the Arctic.
Alexey Pavlov, Deputy Director of the Institute of the Arctic and Antarctic, made a report on the results of monitoring, which showed that the state of the Arctic marine environment has changed insignificantly over the past period of time.
It seemed possible to single out as the main tasks:
- unconditional preservation of the Arctic maritime space within the limits established in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, as part of the exclusive economic zone of Russia;
- creation of a reliable presence of Russia in the high-latitude regions of the Arctic to ensure operations in the Arctic region in modern conditions;
The project was based on four international criteria for monitoring.
From a national security standpoint:
1. Contributes to the conservation of biological diversity;
2. Contribute to the conservation and rational use of hydrocarbon resources;
3. Contribute to the stable functioning and development of transport communications;
4. Ensures the fulfillment of the obligations of the Russian Federation under the Spitsbergen Convention of 1920 for all interested states.
According to experts, it can be judged that the problems of sustainable development of the Arctic need to be reassessed and revised in connection with climate change. In this regard, it is important at the level of an individual country and government to develop a set of measures for the sustainable development of the Arctic.
Main conclusion:
The sea shelf zone in Russia's international waters remains within 200 nautical miles of its coast, but climate change, climate change in general and the impact of human activities on coastal marine and inland water resources contribute to the deterioration of the quality of the marine environment.
What changes took place in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation in 2011-2012? And how can you change the situation?
- In 2011, in order to prevent damage to Russia's deep waters, work to study the possibilities of creating a deep water zone (up to 12 nautical miles) was carried out in the Barents Sea (Sampling 18, report 1). With the help of trawls from different zones in the winter of 2013-2014. more than 585 burial sites of bottom sediments accumulated over decades of operation of offshore pipelines have been identified.
- In the marine waters and shelf areas of the northwestern and eastern regions of the Barents Sea in the period 2006-2011. international maritime hydrographic, meteorological surveys were carried out. f02ee7bd2b